The China-India Relationship

The Himalayan mountain range separates the world’s two most populous states, India and China, whose rapidly expanding economies are instrumental in the ongoing shift of the global balance of power towards the East.  India and China have many things in common: both are developing Asian countries struggling to compete in a global economy amidst serious pollution concerns as they attempt to govern enormous and diverse populations. But for all their similarities, India and China have a contentious relationship.

Chinese and Indian relations have long been characterized by border disputes along the Himalayans, with numerous incursions by both sides and a few military skirmishes. Both have steadily increased their military presence along the border areas, closely watching the other for any potential border incursions. India has encouraged increased settlement on its side of the Line of Actual Control (LAC).

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