The fallout continued Thursday over President Donald Trump’s retweeting of anti-Islam videos originally posted by a British far-right fringe group. British Prime Minister Theresa May, on a foreign trip to Jordan, told reporters that “retweeting from Britain First was the wrong thing to do,” Reuters reported. Cipher Brief experts weighed ...

This morning’s detonation of an improvised explosive device onboard the London Tube has once again pushed the issue of online terrorist recruitment to the forefront of public debate. With manuals on how to build homemade explosives and radicalization sermons and videos readily available online, preventing individuals from gaining access to ...

In an incident the British government has called a terrorist attack, a bomb detonated at Parsons Green tube station Friday morning. 29 people were injured; ISIS later claimed responsibility for the attack. The terrorist group’s Amaq news agency released a statement saying “the bombing of the IED in the London ...

A bomb exploded on a London subway train Friday morning injuring at least 29 people, most of them suffering flash burns from the blast, none life-threatening. London authorities are calling the bombing at Parson Green Tube station a terrorist attack, the latest in a wave to hit the United Kingdom ...

Earlier today, an improvised explosive device was detonated on the London underground railway, known as the Tube, injuring more than 20 people in what British authorities have deemed a terrorist attack. If confirmed, this incident would mark the fifth terrorist attack in the UK this year alone, as British authorities ...

Few security challenges muddle the distinction between government and business roles as those emanating from cyberspace. National security issues no longer remain solely under the purview of government agencies, and companies continue to find themselves in the sights of foreign adversaries. Moreover, attacks against commercial products have geopolitical ramifications. Software ...

After British snap elections last Thursday, attention has turned back to Brexit negotiations between the EU and the UK, which began this week. Headline issues include the so-called exit fee that London is being asked to pay Brussels, as well as immigration issues and the status of EU citizens already ...

As the United Kingdom faces its fourth terrorist attack in the last three months, the country is grappling with its counterterrorism strategy as authorities face questions over how they can try to stop the violence and protect citizens. A 47-year old man suspected of driving the van that struck a ...

British Prime Minister Theresa May had hoped to have an ironclad majority in parliament that would bolster her negotiating position in upcoming Brexit talks. That hope was dashed by the results of last Thursday’s elections, during which the Conservatives lost 13 seats, along with their parliamentary majority. This upset has ...

British Prime Minister Theresa May and her Conservative Party’s upset electoral loss on Thursday has thrown British politics into chaos and called May’s survival as prime minister into question. However, May is reportedly still planning to begin Article 50 exit negotiations from the EU on June 19. As the realities ...

After British snap elections held this Thursday, attention will now turn back to negotiations between the EU and the UK to determine the terms under which Britain will leave the European Union. Headline issues include the so-called "exit fee" that London is being asked to pay Brussels, as well as ...

British Prime Minister Theresa May’s Conservative Party surprisingly lost a dozen seats in the House of Commons, the lower house of Parliament, in snap elections on Thursday. This calls into question Brexit negotiations and the UK’s future defense and security relationship with the European Union, as well as its internal ...

Saturday night’s terrorist attack on London Bridge and Borough Market, the third such incident in the UK in the last three months, left seven dead and more than 30 others wounded, with 18 still in critical condition. London authorities have identified the three attackers as Khuram Shazad Butt, 27, from ...

In the wake of London’s recent terrorist attack, United States intelligence and security agencies are working around the clock to share information across the pond and at home, all the while looking for ways to learn from this incident and potentially reprioritize efforts related to domestic threats. “Right now, FBI ...

As two of the suspects in London’s Saturday attacks are identified, U.S. law enforcers are working to assess any potential threat here. That includes an assessment of the UK attackers, and examining what’s needed to secure the United States. To explain the procedures in more detail, The Cipher Brief’s Elaine ...

Attacks like Saturday’s one in London trigger information-sharing between allies, as well as domestic procedures to secure the homeland. Is there a concern about copycat attacks? What types of measures could U.S. authorities take? The Cipher Brief’s Leone Lakhani asked Todd Rosenblum, former Acting Assistant Secretary of Defense for Homeland ...

Tragedy in London after a series of terror attacks on Saturday left at least seven people dead and dozens injured, less than two weeks after a suicide bomber killed 22 people in Manchester. It follows a series of dizzying events around the world last week. It began with perhaps the ...

As the United Kingdom grapples with its third terrorist attack in three months, international counterterrorism cooperation and intelligence sharing will be vital to confront the “new normal” of the evolving global threat of terrorism, experts told The Cipher Brief. At least seven people were killed and dozens injured on Saturday ...

The weekend’s London attacks is the third in the UK this year and came as the UK was still reeling from a suicide bombing in Manchester on May 22nd that left 22 people dead. In March, four people were killed in London after a man rammed his car into pedestrians on ...

After a multi-faceted attack in London on Saturday evening that saw a van with three assailants drive into pedestrians on London Bridge and then attack victims in the popular Borough Market shopping area nearby, the United Kingdom has now been the victim of terror three times in as many months. ...

Diplomatic tensions over leaks to the U.S. media about the Manchester terror attack, culminated Thursday with U.S. President Donald Trump calling for the Department of Justice “to launch a complete review of this matter.” In a statement, Trump called the leaks “deeply troubling,” adding that “if appropriate, the culprit should ...

With the UK threat level raised to the highest level of "critical" -- meaning more attacks may be imminent -- military personnel are being deployed to protect key sites. Police are investigating whether the bomber behind a Tuesday attack in Manchester, England acted alone. The attack -- which left at ...

As details emerge about an explosion in Manchester, England that left at least 22 people dead and dozens injured, British Prime Minister Theresa May said the incident was being treated as a terrorist attack. The Associated Press reported the Islamic State group, also known as ISIS, put out a statement ...

British Prime Minister Theresa May triggered Article 50 of the Treaty of Lisbon today (March 29), formally notifying the European Union of the United Kingdom’s intention to withdraw from the bloc and embarking on two years of negotiations with the other 27 EU members. “This is an historic moment from ...

British Prime Minister Theresa May trigger of Article 50 of the European Union’s Lisbon Treaty, formally launches two years of negotiations that will determine the future of EU-UK relations after the United Kingdom has left the bloc. However, as talks approach, May faces a divided country at home. Last Tuesday, ...

Scottish First Minister Nicola Sturgeon has been vocal about her desire to call a second referendum on Scotland’s independence from the United Kingdom. The devolved government of Northern Ireland, on the other hand, was relatively quiet until earlier this month, when nationalist party Sinn Fein called for an independence referendum ...

New rules go into effect this weekend that restrict electronic items in passenger cabins on U.S.-bound flights. The measures are being taken as a security precaution to thwart potential threats. The ban includes flights on nine international airlines operating out of 10 airports in the Middle East, North Africa and ...

The man who carried out a deadly terrorist attack in London was British-born and had been previously known to authorities, UK Prime Minister Theresa May said on Thursday. Police named Khalid Masood, 52, as the Westminster attacker, who mowed down pedestrians on Westminster Bridge before stabbing a police officer inside ...

European-wide defense is based on two elements: the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and the European Union. Understanding how each institution may develop in the coming years and coordinate together on defense is vital to assessing the future of European and transatlantic security. The Cipher Brief spoke with the United Kingdom’s ...

President Donald Trump sat down with British Prime Minister Theresa May today (Jan. 27), in his first meeting with a major world leader since taking office. Trade, a key concern for May following her nation’s vote to leave the European Union, the future of NATO, and Russia highlighted the agenda. ...

Britain’s Supreme Court ruled Tuesday that the UK Parliament must vote to approve the triggering of Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty to begin the country’s withdrawal from the European Union, but the devolved governments of Scotland, Northern Ireland, and Wales have no say. The opposition Labour Party said it ...

The pound rallied and Brexiteers cheered after British Prime Minister Theresa May on Tuesday outlined her plans for a “hard” UK exit from the European Union. This means the possibility the United Kingdom might stay in the single EU market is officially off the table – although this may not ...

On January 1st, the United Kingdom began the implementation of the Investigatory Powers Act, widely considered the most comprehensive—and intrusive—surveillance law in the Western world. The Act authorizes government access to bulk datasets such as travel logs, financial transactions, biometrics, the interception of digital communications data, the hacking of devices, ...

Surveillance law is absolutely necessary because it compels the government to write down, for all to clearly see, the rules that they must abide by as they undertake intrusive powers, often in secret, to investigate criminal activity and protect a country. To do so is to protect the rule of ...

On November 29, Royal Assent was given to the UK Investigatory Powers Act, after eight months of intensive Parliamentary scrutiny, with hundreds of amendments made, following lengthy pre-legislative debate in three Parliamentary Committees.  The Act draws on the input from three separate, independent inquiries that were set up after a ...

Editor’s Note: Over the coming days, The Cipher Brief presents some of our most incisive coverage on key issues of 2016 and a look ahead at what is yet to come in 2017. The tumultuous nature of 2016 hit Europe especially hard. Wars in the Middle East became a refugee ...

On the campaign trail, Donald Trump made several foreign policy statements which if, as President-elect, were to be put into practice, would undercut several traditional U.S. alliances. Britain and America have long enjoyed a “special relationship,” but dismay in the United Kingdom at how long it took British Prime Minister ...

Conservative British parliamentarian Stephen Phillips has resigned his seat due to reported policy differences with Theresa May and her handling of Brexit. Despite being pro-Brexit, Phillips claimed government ministers under May’s premiership had ignored Parliament. The resignation comes as Downing Street said it is appealing Thursday’s High Court ruling that ...

The F-35 will bring two important capabilities, which are currently not possessed by the UK armed forces, when it enters frontline service at the end of this decade. The first is the capability to operate inside airspace which is defended by high-end air defence systems, such as the Russian SA-21 ...

After years of delays and cost overruns, the F-35 is finally in the hands of military services across the globe. As of June of this year, Lockheed Martin has rolled out 174 F-35s and altogether these aircraft have racked up 68,000 flight hours. Now that the aircraft is reaching operational ...

The meaning of security in Europe is changing. The continent faces a revanchist neighbor to the east, a cauldron of instability to the south (with repercussions spilling across the border), and homegrown terrorists inspired by the likes of the Islamic State (ISIS). Countries are responding by tightening the lid on ...

The British people shocked the international community when they voted to quit the European Union (EU) this summer. Markets tumbled and fears mounted that the United Kingdom (UK) or the EU might fall into political or economic crisis, or begin to unravel completely. Shortly afterwards, Prime Minister Theresa May attempted ...

British Prime Minister Theresa May’s approach to intelligence is well-known and defined by her tenure as Home Secretary. While foreign intelligence technically falls into the remit of the Foreign Secretary, the policy and legal frameworks are generally administered by the Home Office. The Home Office has – since 2010, when ...

Britain will be more committed to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and its bilateral relationships – particularly with the U.S. – post-Brexit, said Britain’s Secretary of Defense Michael Fallon in Washington on Thursday. The UK has “no stronger bilateral relationship than that with the U.S.” and together, the UK ...

The long-awaited report detailing Britain's role in the Iraq War was finally published on Wednesday, with the seven-year inquiry finding the United Kingdom relied "on the basis of flawed intelligence and assessments” and turned to military action before “the peaceful options for disarmament had been exhausted.” “It is now clear ...

Fear and uncertainty gripped global markets on Friday following the UK referendum vote to leave the European Union. The political turmoil in the UK and the initial uncertain response by EU leaders over the weekend were felt on Monday as sterling plummeted and international markets took a hit. But on ...

The Brexit referendum threatens European cohesion and, thus, could have serious consequences for defense of the European continent. The Cipher Brief spoke with Rachel Rizzo at the Center for a New American Security (CNAS) about the future of European security. The Cipher Brief: What is going to happen to European ...

The result of last week’s UK referendum on whether to remain in the European Union (EU) has produced shock-waves around the world and has raised all kinds of questions about the country the UK will now become. The narrative promoted by those politicians in favour of a “leave” vote – ...

Markets around the world continue to feel the pain of last Thursday’s Brexit referendum. The FTSE 100 (London’s Stock Exchange with the highest market capitalization) fell another 2.55 percent yesterday. The pound hit a 31-year low against the dollar, although it edged a bit higher this morning. Two credit agencies, ...

There are two elements to the "what now?" question in the UK. The first element I expected to be addressing after Thursday’s vote was: how will the security dynamic change now that the U.K is leaving the EU?  But it is not quite so simple. My argument remains that the ...