Piret Pernik is a Research Fellow at the International Centre for Defence and Security. Her research focuses on the political and strategic aspects of cybersecurity. Before joining ICDS, she worked at the Policy Planning Department of the Estonian Ministry of Defence. In 2009-2012, she served as an advisor to the National Defence Committee of the Riigikogu (Estonian Parliament). She has lectured on international relations in Estonia and has carried out sociological research projects at Tallinn University.