James N. Miller served as Under Secretary of Defense for Policy from 2012 to 2014, and as Principal Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Policy from 2009 to 2012. He was awarded the Department of Defense’s highest civilian award, the Medal for Distinguished Public Service, four times. Miller serves on the Board of Directors for The Atlantic Council and on the Board of Advisors for the Center for a New American Security. He is a senior fellow at Johns Hopkins University’s Applied Physics Lab and at Harvard University’s Belfer Center for Science & International Affairs, He is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and the International Institute for Strategic Studies, and a member of the Defense Science Board, where he co-chaired a recently completed study on cyber deterrence. Miller is also the founder and CEO of Fairfax National Security Solutions, President of Adaptive Strategies, and serves on the Board of Advisors for Endgame.