European Union

April 21, 2017
As the French presidential election gets underway, the candidates positions toward the EU, Washington, and Moscow vary significantly. Depending on who comes out on top, relations with these different power centers could change.
April 21, 2017
France’s upcoming presidential election is perhaps the most important in the nearly 60-year history of the Fifth Republic.
April 21, 2017
Round one of the French presidential elections, on April 23, looks as if it’s going to set up a battle of non-traditional parties. Polls predict Emmanuel Macron, the centrist candidate who recently created his own party, versus Marine Le Pen, leader of the far right National Front party.
April 9, 2017
Recent heavy migration from Africa to Europe has renewed the European Union’s focus on maintaining stability and contributing to the economic development of its southern neighbor in an effort to stem the migrant flows.
April 9, 2017
The security of the Sahel is crucial for the European Union. The Sahel region of Africa is plagued by poor governance, extreme poverty, frequent famine and drought, and a burgeoning youthful demography.
April 9, 2017
Africa faces a number of security challenges, from terrorist groups such as Boko Haram and al Shabaab, to civil wars and violent conflicts in South Sudan and Libya, to severe droughts causing hunger crises in Somalia and Yemen.
March 29, 2017
Scottish First Minister Nicola Sturgeon has been vocal about her desire to call a second referendum on Scotland’s independence from the United Kingdom.
March 29, 2017
British Prime Minister Theresa May trigger of Article 50 of the European Union’s Lisbon Treaty, formally launches two years of negotiations that will determine the future of EU-UK relations after the United Kingdom has left the bloc.
March 29, 2017
British Prime Minister Theresa May triggered Article 50 of the Treaty of Lisbon today (March 29), formally notifying the European Union of the United Kingdom’s intention to withdraw from the bloc and embarking on two years of negotiations with the other 27 EU members.
March 24, 2017
Turkey’s damaging crisis with Europe is self-generated in large part – a tactic sometimes used by Ankara to create a problem and then hold the other party responsible. Acting the victim also deflects domestic attention from the government’s own accountability and justifies revenge.
March 24, 2017
Relations between Europe and Turkey are tense.
March 24, 2017
Relations between Turkey and Europe have been tense for decades. Turkey first applied to the European Economic Community – the European Union’s precursor – in 1987.
February 26, 2017
Europe faced a wave of ISIS-inspired terrorist attacks last year, from Brussels to Nice to Berlin. As ISIS-occupied territories in Iraq and Syria continue to shrink under the bombardment of U.S.
January 4, 2017
President-elect Donald Trump will inherit a close defense alliance with Poland when he enters the White House later this month. America is getting ready to deploy additional troops to Poland. An armored brigade combat team from Fort Carson, Colorado will be based in western Poland soon.
January 4, 2017
From Constitutional Court reforms that make the judiciary less independent of political power to restrictions on journalists to suppressing of the opposition, Poland’s ruling Law and Justice (PiS) party is causing a commotion within the European Union (EU).
January 4, 2017
Poland’s democratic institutions are under pressure from the ruling right-wing Law and Justice party (PiS). PiS efforts to control the judiciary and media risk alienating its Western allies, which it relies on for defense and national security.
December 28, 2016
EU unity has been challenged by almost a decade of low growth and high unemployment. This has led to populism and nationalism challenging mainstream political parties.
December 28, 2016
A comparison with the 1848 domino-like revolutions that spread across Europe is a bit of a stretch, but far-right populism is definitely on a roll, throwing the whole European project in doubt.
December 28, 2016
Editor’s Note: Over the coming days, The Cipher Brief presents some of our most incisive coverage on key issues of 2016 and a look ahead at what is yet to come in 2017.
December 23, 2016
Editor’s Note: Over the coming days, The Cipher Brief presents some of our most incisive coverage on key issues of 2016 and a look ahead at what is yet to come in 2017.
December 2, 2016
Italians head to the polls on Sunday, December 4, to approve or reject a series of constitutional reforms, which will redirect policy competence from the regions to the state, transform the Senate into a council of regions, and concentrate power in the Chamber of Deputies and the national governm
December 2, 2016
On December 4, Italians will vote on a far-ranging constitutional referendum, which promises to completely change the way that Italy's political institutions operate.
December 2, 2016
On Sunday, Italians definitively voted “No” to a constitutional referendum supported by the country’s Prime Minister, Matteo Renzi.
November 16, 2016
The European Union (EU) is entering into partnership deals, or “compacts,” with at least five African countries to try to stem the flow of migrants from Africa to Europe.
November 16, 2016
Irregular migration from Africa to Europe is increasing. As Africa’s population continues to grow, the European Union (EU) will need to figure out how to deal with what is expected to be even more African migrants in the coming years.
November 16, 2016
More than 160,000 migrants and refugees arrived in Italy this year, compared to just over 142,000 during the same time last year.
November 11, 2016
9 November is a historic day for Germans. In 1989, the Berlin Wall came crashing down on that day, and in 1938, pogroms across the Deutsches Reich became the starting point of the systematic persecution of European Jews. Both 1989 and 1938 are also strongly linked to German-U.S.
November 11, 2016
The election of Donald Trump as the next U.S. President has created uncertainty among European leaders as they consider the future of defense and security cooperation with the United States.
November 3, 2016
The Fund for Peace’s (FFP) 2016 Fragile States Index ranks Hungary, under Prime Minister Viktor Orban, as the “most-worsened” country this year, due in part to its recent track record on refugees, human rights,
November 3, 2016
Hungary has decidedly taken a turn toward “illiberal” democracy, which is hurting its relationship with the United States. The Cipher Brief spoke with Ambassador András Simonyi, who served as Hungarian Ambassador to the U.S.
November 3, 2016
Hungary’s Viktor Orban is creating an illiberal democracy in central Europe. This is souring relations with the European Union (EU) and the current U.S.
September 16, 2016
Since its birth, modern Turkey has occupied a delicate position in the world. Straddling both Asia and Europe, the ancient Ottoman capital of Istanbul captures the blessing and the curse of Turkish geography.
September 16, 2016
In March of this year, Turkey came to an agreement with the European Union (EU) on Syrian migration. In return for $6 billion in aid assistance, visa-free travel for Turks within the EU, and a promise to restart Turkey’s E.U.
September 6, 2016
The British people shocked the international community when they voted to quit the European Union (EU) this summer. Markets tumbled and fears mounted that the United Kingdom (UK) or the EU might fall into political or economic crisis, or begin to unravel completely.
September 6, 2016
The meaning of security in Europe is changing. The continent faces a revanchist neighbor to the east, a cauldron of instability to the south (with repercussions spilling across the border), and homegrown terrorists inspired by the likes of the Islamic State (ISIS).
June 28, 2016
There are two elements to the "what now?" question in the UK. The first element I expected to be addressing after Thursday’s vote was: how will the security dynamic change now that the U.K is leaving the EU?  But it is not quite so simple.
June 28, 2016
The result of last week’s UK referendum on whether to remain in the European Union (EU) has produced shock-waves around the world and has raised all kinds of questions about the country the UK will now become.
June 28, 2016
Markets around the world continue to feel the pain of last Thursday’s Brexit referendum. The FTSE 100 (London’s Stock Exchange with the highest market capitalization) fell another 2.55 percent yesterday. The pound hit a 31-year low against the dollar, although it edged a bit higher this morning.
June 26, 2016
The global system seems poised for major change. Last Thursday, the so-called Brexit referendum demonstrated this when a majority of 51.9 percent of British voters chose to leave the European Union.
June 26, 2016
Last Thursday, in voting in favor of Brexit, the United Kingdom electorate voted with its heart rather than its head.
June 26, 2016
Britain voted last week by a slim margin to leave the European Union. The economic implications were immediate, with stocks around the world plunging and the pound hitting its lowest level since 1985. A longer term effect will be on European defense.
June 23, 2016
President Barack Obama attracted much attention, positive and negative, for his comments during his April trip to the UK, advocating for Britain to remain in the EU.  The invitation to come to London was almost certainly a consequence of an urgent request from Prime Minister David Cameron, who wa
June 17, 2016
Brits are expected to come out en masse on June 23 to vote on whether they want their country to stay in the European Union.
June 17, 2016
On June 23, Brits head to the voting booths to decide whether they want Britain to remain a part of the European Union.
June 17, 2016
Both the Brexit Remain and Leave campaigns are suspended today due to the murder of British Member of Parliament Jo Cox on Thursday. Cox belonged to the opposition Labour Party and was a vocal advocate for Britain remaining in the EU.
May 27, 2016
A sigh of relief could be heard amongst Europeanists, when independent Green Party candidate Alexander Van der Bellen was declared the winner of the Austrian Presidential election this week.
May 27, 2016
Around 750,000 mail-in votes decided the fate of Austria’s presidential election this week, tipping the election in favor of a more centrist candidate. Yet the result does not change the course of a rising populist and nationalist movement within Austria and throughout the European continent.
May 27, 2016
Independent Green Party candidate Alexander Van der Bellen has won Austria's presidential election by the slimmest of margins, preventing Freedom Party (FPÖ) candidate Norbert Hofer from becoming the European Union's first far-right head of state.
April 24, 2016
The UK will vote on 23 June to determine whether it remains in or leaves the European Union. Political discourse in Britain is dominated by the subject. What would a vote to leave mean for British national security?
March 25, 2016
The United States needs strong allies in Europe. The United States also needs European unity. This has been a recurrent theme in Barack Obama’s foreign policy since the start of his campaign for the presidency in 2007. It is a theme he borrowed from the second administration of George W. Bush.

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