Dr. Haroro J. Ingram is a senior research fellow with the Program on Extremism at George Washington University. His research primarily focuses on the role of propaganda and charismatic leadership in the evolution and appeal of violent non-state political movements; militant Islamist propaganda targeting English-speaking audiences; and the role of strategic communications in national security operations, strategy and policy, particularly in the areas of counterterrorism and countering violent extremism. Ingram’s work draws heavily on primary source materials, most of which is collected during field research in conflict and post-conflict areas across the Middle East, South and Southeast Asia. He has been a visiting fellow with institutions such as the International Centre for Counter-Terrorism (The Hague) and the Naval Postgraduate School’s Defense Analysis Department (Monterey). A former national security practitioner, Ingram previously worked in counterterrorism operations and defense strategy roles.