Expert Commentary

Sudan Has Improved, but Is it Enough?

May 11, 2017 | Ambassador Philip Carter
 

The Cipher Brief’s Bennett Seftel spoke with retired Ambassador Phil Carter, former Senior Advisor, Acting Assistant Secretary, and Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary for the State Department’s Africa Bureau, to discuss Sudan’s progress on counterterrorism and whether State should continue to list the country as a state sponsor of terror.

The Cipher Brief: Can you tell us a little bit about Sudan’s history as it relates to terrorism?

Phil Carter: Sudan was something of an entrepôt for all kinds of issues in the 1990s and the 2000s. There was concern that it was supporting terrorist activities and certain movements, that it was acting as a kind of clearinghouse for money and material, and that it was a trans-shipment point for materials, personnel, and resources heading to terrorist groups.

Compound these factors with the conflation of Sudan’s behavior in places like Darfur and the challenges that were emanating out of the peace talks in Naivasha in the early 2000s that ended the second Sudanese civil war and South Sudan’s independence, and there was a significant amount going on there.

Furthermore, there was the fact that Sudan follows a very strident, conservative, and structured view towards Islam in terms of some of the regulations that were put in place in the country during that time frame.

So there were a lot of issues facing Sudan, which was designated by the U.S State Department as a state sponsor of terror in 1993. As a consequence, the sanctions regime was put in place.

TCB: What is the current terrorist threat emanating from the country?

PC: Terrorism in Sudan has always been a challenge, not necessarily due to the actual presence of terrorist groups in the country – although there may have been people passing through there such as al Qaeda – but because of the government’s facilitation of material support to terrorist groups. A lot of the sanctions that were placed on Sudan were due to their financial transactions.

If you recall, about a year ago, the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) – an inter-governmental body that combats money laundering and terrorist financing – lifted sanctions on the activities of the Central Bank of Sudan. The FATF ensured that the bank was following international laws and statutes on transparency, so it was no longer included on any kind of a blacklist.

There have been efforts on the part of the Sudanese to address some of challenges and concerns they are facing, but whether their efforts have been to the satisfaction of the people overseeing the process is debatable.

Also, the issue of the conflation between the legalistic approach to some of the issues that were happening with the sanctions and the humanitarian crisis of Darfur and the behavior of the government both in regard to the Janjaweed militia and in terms of UN operations, access, and the violence that was associated with the group presents a separate set of issues.

TCB: Have the Sudanese government’s efforts been sufficient in mitigating these concerns and proving that it is no longer a state sponsor of terror?

PC: Before he left office, former U.S. President Barack Obama eased some of the sanctions on Sudan in January, but there were some conditionalities in terms of further review. To be completely removed from the list, certain conditions, such as ceasing hostilities in Darfur and what they call the two areas, Kordofan and the Blue Nile, improving humanitarian access, ending the negative interference in South Sudan, enhancing counterterrorism cooperation, and the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA), had to be addressed.

Now let’s go back up this list. With the LRA, there was a recent announcement that the U.S. is going to terminate its operations in search of Joseph Kony, the head of the LRA, because the LRA has pretty much been neutralized as a threat and the mission is no longer needed.

With regard to South Sudan, there needs to be a lot more attention paid to what is going on in South Sudan itself. There have been efforts on the part of the Sudanese to work jointly with the Ethiopians and others to address border security issues and other concerns. There have also been statements from Khartoum indicating that South Sudan has to find its own solutions amongst the parties within South Sudan and do things to alleviate the crisis there.

But access to information regarding what is going on in the Abyei or the other northern border regions, is still sketchy. Access to that part of the world is difficult. That will be one of the challenges for people looking at this issue – the quantity and quality of information that’s required to make a full evaluation that these conditions have been met.

With regard to humanitarian access, there have been ongoing discussions between the UN and the government of Sudan on this issue. I’m sure the Sudanese government is trying to do everything it can to show that they’ve made some positive progress. Whether their actions are sufficient remains to be seen. But the UN evaluation has to come out and we haven’t seen everything yet.

Finally, there is also the issue of Darfur and the two areas – Kordofan and the Blue Nile. We’ve seen an uptick in violence those areas.  Whether this violence continues to be directed by the government in Khartoum is a question that has to be explored and debated.

In terms of counterterrorism issues, I think Sudan has taken action and is continuing to take actions to mitigate these concerns. They’ve been having discussions with a lot of folks, and the neighborhood they are in is getting tougher for them in many respects. Also, Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir is also looking at ways to normalize Sudan’s relationships with its neighbors and to focus more on the domestic development and economic challenges his country is facing.

In addition, Bashir is facing has his own internal political dynamic. External problems can only complicate things for him further.  I can’t say I fully understand everything that is going on, but I know that it is quite complex.

TCB: How close are Sudan’s ties to Iran and to terrorist groups that Iran funds, such as Hezbollah? Could this be another reason for Sudan’s designation?

PC: There have always have been concerns of Sudan facilitating trans-shipments of material and weapons from Iran to groups such as Hezbollah. We know that the Israeli government has also looked at this issue quite closely and has responded based on the public reporting of certain events happening in the past few years.

Having said that, however, Sudan has changed its relationship somewhat with Iran. There was a recent news report indicating that there may have been some commercial activity between Iran and Sudan, though I have to say, what you have seen is more of a blossoming of the relationship between Sudan and the Gulf States, specifically with Saudi Arabia and the UAE. Saudi Arabia has come up with an extensive loan, some billions of dollars, to help Sudan’s economic condition. That assistance has probably done much more to temper or limit Sudan’s relationship with Iran.

Sudan has recognized that they needed to change their ways and recalibrate the value of certain relationships. The question of the Sudanese-Iranian relationship is one they have been trying to address. Whether it has been fully resolved is a question I can’t speak to. But I do know that they do have a much more robust relationship with Saudi Arabia, and I’m sure that came at the cost of their relationship with Iran. 

TCB: Should Sudan continue to be listed as a state sponsor of terror until certain criteria are fully met, or is there room for the country to be removed from the list as the U.S. works with it on addressing worrisome issues?

PC: The latter issue is the question that you have to address. Technically, are they a state sponsor of terrorism? That is the question that in many respects the Sudanese have felt they have addressed over the past several years but they feel that they have been somewhat burdened by the humanitarian crisis in Darfur and in Kordofan and the Blue Nile.

The calculus has to made about how far along we are going to get in terms of dealing with counterterrorism issues in the Horn of Africa and other parts of Africa with Sudan. In a sense they’ve done a lot, technically they’ve done quite a few things, so there could be an easing of some of these sanctions. But the relationship has to continue to grow and their behavior has to be examined or verified on a routine basis. Access to areas that have been questionable is going to be important, if not essential, for effective verification.

Also, there are different kinds of sanctions out there. You’re specifically looking at the counterterrorism sanctions and the state sponsorship sanctions because the financial sanctions under the FATF have been lifted. Within that rubric, technically, should they still be considered a state sponsor of terror is a question that can be resolved with regard to the sanctions regime. Whether you are also looking at the challenges that they face on the humanitarian front is something that has to be explored further. I would expect there to be some sort of graduated and nuanced approach to the sanction regime when the review of Sudan is taken up by the Trump Administration in July.

These sanctions are going to have to be reviewed by Congress, so the relationships and the sentiments among the Senate and the House of Representatives will be critical.

In January, President Obama said there was going to be a partial lifting, an easing, or softening – whatever you want to call it – of sanctions, but that there will be a more full review at the end of June and the first part of July.

Another challenge that we face is how will the position of Special Envoy to Sudan be addressed. There might be a need for further visits. Has the Trump Administration appointed someone or are they going to continue with the most recent Special Envoy, Ambassador Donald Booth? These are things that have to be examined before July.

Finally, there is a question about the quality and quantity of information to make an evaluation of the sanctions regime and the requirements to lift it.

But what happens when you have satisfactory information that out of five conditions, three have been met and two haven’t? is there a three-fifths or partial solution? What are you going to do? Those are the kinds of debates that need to happen.

Engaging Sudan in a positive way to get things done in this context is important especially because there have been improvements. That is something most people would agree. The general consensus on counterterrorism issues is that there has been a marked improvement by Sudan.

The opinions and characterizations expressed are those of retired Ambassador Carter, and do not necessarily represent the official positions of the U.S. government.

Phillip Carter is the Executive Vice President at Jefferson Waterman International, an international consultancy firm in Washington D.C.  Prior to his current position, Ambassador Carter was a career foreign service officer with the State Department.  In addition to several senior positions at State’s Bureau of African Affairs, Ambassador Carter served in Cote d’Ivoire, Guinea, Gabon, Madagascar, Malawi, Bangladesh, Mexico and Canada.  His last assignment in the Foreign Service was as the... Read More

Learn more about The Cipher's Network here

Next Steps in U.S.-Cuba Relations
Strengthening U.S. Cyber Defenses
Russia Sanctions: The New Normal
Corruption in China: The Party’s Over
Change in the Kingdom: Three Big Shifts
Managing Information & Risk in the Digital Age
Endgame in Afghanistan
The Convergence of Crime and Terror
Strengthening the Public-Private Partnership
The Billion Dollar Spy: An Interview with Author David Hoffman
The New Battlefield
North Africa: Instability Increasing
The Kidnapping Capital of the World
Homegrown Terror in the Age of ISIS
The Refugee Crisis: Europe on the Brink
The Future of Mexican Oil
Cracks in the System
Embassy Security Three Years After Benghazi
Fourteen Years Later
Can Congress Solve the Cybersecurity Problem?
Arctic Game Changer?
Where They Stand on National Security
The First 100 Days
Worthy of Fleming: Anthony Horowitz's "Trigger Mortis"
At the Crossroads
Eye in the Sky
Rough Road Ahead for Rousseff
Leveling the Playing Field: Tech Access in China
The Dead Drop
Top of Mind for Chief Security Officers
Protecting Your Business
The Future of Oil
Chinese Expansion in Latin America
American Involvement in Syria
The Future of Geospatial Intelligence
The Umbrella Movement: One Year Later
Ebola: An End in Sight?
The Pakistan Problem
The Dead Drop
The Encryption Debate
Going Dark
The US-Mexico Relationship
The Rise of Mobile Technology in Africa
The Dead Drop
Construction Boom in the Gulf
Cybersecurity: The Human Factor
Beijing and the South China Sea
Will Peace Talks Succeed in Colombia?
Social Media and Terrorism
The Rise of Israel’s Tech Sector
Securing the Border
Red Sun Rising
The Dead Drop
Adopting the Iran Deal
Stability on the Peninsula
Crime in South Africa
Combatting Terrorist Financing
The Dead Drop
Recovering from a Cyber Attack
Stability in South Asia
Veterans Day
Israel’s Wave of Violence
The Dead Drop
Protecting Critical Infrastructure
ISIS on the March
The Paris Attacks
Rethinking U.S. Security Assistance
The War on Terror 2.0
Putting Mali in Context
Will Russia Ever Change?
Will Canada Pull Back?
Understanding Putin’s Popularity
Chinese Expansion in Africa
Terrorism Finance and Wildlife Poaching
Illicit Trafficking in Latin America
Climate Change and Security
Preventing Another San Bernardino
Supply Chain Security
Negotiating a New Safe Harbor Agreement
The Battle for Yemen
Foreign Tech Access in China
The Dead Drop
Offensive Cyber Operations
Travel Security in the Age of ISIS
Iran: A Rising Cyber Power?
The Future of Cybersecurity
The Arab Spring Five Years Later
Preparing Today’s Military for Tomorrow’s Wars
Cybersecurity for Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises
Maritime Security in the Gulf of Guinea
Improving Aviation Security
The Dead Drop
Terrorism in 2016
Cybersecurity in 2016
The World in 2016: Opportunities and Risks
China in 2016
Russia in 2016
Moscow’s Cyber Buildup
The China-India Relationship
Russian Influence in Latin America
The Future of Homegrown Terrorism
Stability in Sub-Saharan Africa
Protecting Your Digital Identity
Elections in Taiwan: A Turning Point?
The Caliphate of Crime
Biotechnology’s Dark Side
Rethinking U.S. Strategy Toward China
The Evolution of Weapons of Mass Destruction
A New Era in US-Iranian Relations?
Will Information Sharing Improve Cybersecurity?
Evaluating China's New Silk Road
Tech in Latin America: Opportunities and Challenges
The Destruction of Libyan Oil
Ransomware: Protecting Yourself from Cyber Extortion
The US and India: Strengthening Security Cooperation
Security and Stability in Afghanistan
Combatting the Al Shabaab Threat
Sports Security: Protecting Your Venue
Israel’s Arab Alliance: A Counter to ISIS and Iran?
The End of U.S. Space Supremacy
The Caucasus: Instability Increasing
Stabilizing Iraq
The Trans-Pacific Partnership: Deepening U.S. Commitment to Asia
Securing Industrial Control Systems
The Battle for Ukraine
Defeating Boko Haram
Jordan: The Indispensable Ally
China’s Military Modernization
The Cybersecurity Skills Shortage
Solving Mexico’s Violence Problem
The Northern Triangle: The Most Violent Region in the World
The Future of the Middle East
Terrorism in the World’s Largest Muslim Country
The Rise of Quantum Computing
Europe’s Terrorism Problem
Stability in the East China Sea
The Rise of Counter-Drone Technology
The ISIS WMD Threat
Healthcare and the Cyber Threat
Security in the Indo-Pacific: Australia’s New Role
Countering ISIS' Message
Containing the ISIS Cancer
Security, Privacy, and the Fight Over Encryption
Taking Aim at Smart Guns
Losing Patience with North Korea
The Difficult Road Ahead for Colombia
The Taliban Resurgence
ISIS: The New Face of Global Jihad?
Connecting with Latin America
Russia and China: Mutually Assured Detachment
The Scourge of Terrorism
The Security Challenge of Terror
European Unity in the Face of Crises
Developing Enhanced Cybersecurity Systems
Pakistan: Friend and Foe?
Egypt’s Economy on the Brink
Tehran’s Balancing Act
Russia Makes Moves in the Middle East
Kenya’s Battle with al-Shabaab
Missile Defense in the Korean Peninsula
Are America's Ports Secure?
The Human Factor Behind the Panama Papers Leak
Russian Military Modernization
APTs: The Boogeymen of Cybersecurity
Vietnam: Guns and Butter
Syria: Power-sharing, Partitioning, and the Fight Against ISIS
Turbulence in Turkey
The U.S. and the Philippines: Shoulder to Shoulder in the South China Sea
The Darker Side of the Internet of Things
Cybersecurity Challenges in Asia
Taliban on the Offensive
Quagmire in Yemen
Cocaine and Conflict in Colombia
The Cloud: Nebulous, but Nimble
Censorship in China
An Emerging Crime-Terror Nexus in Europe
IRGC: Iran's Power Player
Latin America: The New Frontier for Cyber Attacks
The Hydra and the Snake: The Death of Osama Bin Laden
Nuclear Deterrence and Assurance in East Asia
Vehicle Cybersecurity: Running in Place
What Drives ISIS
Tensions Simmer in the South China Sea
Managing the Mobile Phone Malware Threat
Leaving the Oil Spigot Open
Burundi: A Path Toward Civil War?
The Value of Special Operations Forces
ISIS in the Balkans
The Tech Must Flow
North Korea’s Party Congress: What was all the fuss about?
Argentina: A Smoother Ride
Libya: Obama’s “Worst Mistake”
Tsai Ing-Wen’s Balancing Act
The North Korea Workers’ Party Congress and Kim Jong-un’s Legitimacy
Flying the Unfriendly Skies: Airline Security
Nuclear Standoff in South Asia
How to Read Riyadh
Even in Defeat, Austria’s Far-right Emulates Populist Growth in Europe
More Effective, Less Secure: The Cyber-Threat to Medical Devices
A New Era in the U.S.-Japan Security Partnership
Passing the Torch to the Next Generation of Saudi Leaders
U.S. Military Aid to Egypt Continues Despite Democratic Struggle
How Secure are Radiological Materials?
Roadblocks on the Path to Normality in Iran
Caracas in Crisis
Algeria: Exporting Stability
The Push for Kurdish Independence
U.S. and China: Strategic Cooperation at Arm’s Length
City Life: Living Smarter, Not Harder
Homegrown Terror in Orlando
A Rough Patch in U.S.-Saudi Relations
Japan’s “Abenomics”
A Tale of Two Bears: The DNC Hack
The Origins of Brexit
The Chinese Communist Party Under Xi Jinping
The Arctic: Technology and Infrastructure on Earth and in Space
Jordan: Stability Amidst Chaos
Exporting Jihad: Bosnia and Kosovo
Changing World Order: The Effects of Brexit
Navigating Uncharted Waters
Iraq after ISIS: Divide it or Fix it?
Terrorism in Istanbul: Severe Implications
North Korea as a Cyber Threat
One If By Air, Two If By Sea: Unmanned Surface Vehicles
The FBI’s Intelligence Mission
Does NATO Need a New Ideology?
Philippines v. China: Laying Down the Law of the Sea
Is Turkey Returning to a Policy of “Zero Problems?”
Federal Cybersecurity One Year After the OPM Breach
NATO: Weathering the Storms
The Rise of the Fringe: A Threat to Democracy?
Hezbollah's Many Faces
Trans-Pacific Trade Deal Remains in Limbo
The Aftermath of the Nice Attack: Is ISIS’ “Prestige” on the Rise?
Crossing the Line: A Failed Coup in Turkey
France’s Vulnerabilities in a Changing Terror Landscape
The Problem with Proxies
Water Security in South Asia: Running Dry and Running Out of Options
The Clash over Social Media Data
Extremist Groups Target Diversity in Bangladesh
Kenya: Private Sector and Government Coordinate on National Security
The ISIS-Al Qaeda Rivalry
Will Syria’s Most Productive Citizens Ever Return Home?
Trust but Verify: The United States, China & Economic Espionage
The World is Watching: The American Election and China
The Status Quo Will Not Work in South Sudan
Kurdistan as a Geopolitical Playground
Rio Olympic Games: A Missed Opportunity
Spinning Silk: Asia and the GCC
China-Japan Relations: Trading Goods While Exchanging Words
Climate Change in Ethiopia: Managing the Risks
Mounting Security Challenges in Afghanistan
Is There a Future for the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt?
Niger Delta Militants Compound Nigeria’s Security Crises
Thailand Under the Junta
Brazil: Getting its House Back in Order Post Olympics
Indicators of Political Instability
Finding Water in the Desert: Water Security in the Middle East
The Blurring Line Between Cyber and Physical Threats
The World is Watching: The American Election and Russia
NATO’s Ambiguity on the Red Line for Russia
Boko Haram: The Plague Affecting Nigeria and Beyond
Tunisia: From Revolution to Governance
Russia, China, and Cyber Espionage
Best Of: The F-35 Joint Strike Fighter: Game-Changer or Procurement Nightmare?
Climate Change Jeopardizes National Security
Algeria: A Bulwark Against ISIS
Venezuela's Military: Both a Stabilizing and Destabilizing Force
Will Theresa May's Britain Stay Committed to European Defense?
America and the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank
What’s at Stake in the South China Sea?
Fifteen Years After 9/11: Much Accomplished, Much to be Done
The Post-9/11 U.S. Military
The Post-9/11 U.S. Intelligence Community
South Africa: ANC Losing Its Grip on Power
The World is Watching: The American Election and Saudi Arabia
Turkish Leverage Over the United States and European Union
Nuclear North Korea: A No-Win Scenario?
Insider Cyber Threats: A Pressing Problem Facing Business
Al Shabaab: A Persistent Threat
Unease, Uncertainty, and Strife: Global Inequality and Instability
Europe Bears a Big Burden in the World's Migration Crisis
Malicious Cyber-Actors in the Financial Services Industry
China's Ongoing Struggle to Clamp Down on Terrorism
Growing Instability in Africa’s Top Two Oil Producers
The World is Watching: The American Election and Iran
Dollars and Sense: Military Spending During an Economic Downturn
Forewarned is Forearmed: Confronting Adversaries in Cyberspace
Is Peace Possible in Colombia?
The Rise of Hypersonic Weapons
Nuclear No First Use: Ambiguity vs. Clarity
Al Qaeda Growing Stronger By the Minute
Cyber and the Law
The DRC: Strong Grip on Power, Weak Handle on Governance
Combatting Haqqani Network is Key to Afghan Strategy
War and Peace: Syria and the Question of American Intervention
The F35: A 21st Century Coalition Asset
Objective: Mosul
Where is Duterte Leading the Philippines?
Great Power Politics in Latin America
In the Strait of Hormuz, Little has Changed with Iran
Corralling the Cartel: OPEC and Oil Prices
Russian Hacking: The Difficult Path Between Inaction and Escalation
Philippines' Duterte Leaves U.S. Policymakers "Baffled"
The World is Watching: The American Election and Germany
Can Hamas Elections Shift the Status Quo?
What is the Future of U.S. Policy in Latin America?
Conflict and Common Goals: the Government and Silicon Valley
Kashmir in Crisis—Again
Al Qaeda in Syria: The Split That Wasn't
EU and U.S. Interests in Hungary in Jeopardy
The Price of Turkish Posturing in Iraq
Is it Possible to Hack the Vote?
Decision Day in the U.S.: Daunting Security Challenges Ahead
The State of Play in Syria
Modi: Modernizing India
Trump's Win Creates Uncertainty in Europe
The Powers and Pitfalls of Drone Warfare
Insurgent Use of Unmanned Aerial Systems: A Cat-and-Mouse Game
The African Migrant Crisis: The EU Takes Action
The U.S. Military: Ready or Not?
Sisi, the IMF, and Egypt's Crumbling Economy
Can Robots Fight Wars? The Future of Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems
The Global Debate Over the Legality of Drones Continues
Agility and Innovation in the Third Offset Strategy
China's Economy: Great Power, Great Responsibility
Identity in Cyberspace: The Advent of Biometrics Authentication
Obama's Legacy on Russia and China: Making the Grade
Sweden, Finland & Norway Deepen Defense Ties with the West
Developing and Sticking With a Clear Strategy in Afghanistan
Italy’s Choice: Damned If You Do, Damned If You Don’t
Predicting the Future: Anticipating Security Events with Data Analytics
Russia’s Energy Leverage Wanes in Parts of Europe
The U.S.-Japan Alliance: A Safe Harbor
President Obama's Counterterrorism Legacy
Dialing Up Controversy with China
China Officially Ties Internet Restrictions to its own National Security
Trumping Trade: Alternatives to TPP
The International Criminal Court, Under Pressure, Turns Eyes on U.S.
Egyptian and Israeli Cold Peace Has Never Been Warmer
Trump, Russia, and the CIA: Allies and Adversaries Confused
Hacking Against Cybercrime: The FBI's New Approach
Trumping Trade: The Future of NAFTA
Violence in Mexico Surges
Directed-Energy Weapons: Time to Focus
At the Crossroads Between East and West: Turkey and the World in 2016
The Perils of Connectivity: Cyber Insecurity in 2016
The Party Endures: China and the World in 2016
Cracks in the Union: Europe and the World in 2016
Eyes on the Kremlin: Russia and the World in 2016
Terrorists Don't Have to Win - They Just Have to Survive: Counterterrorism in 2016
A Perennial Task with No Finish Line: U.S. Defense Planning and Procurement in 2016
A Changing of the Guard: U.S. Counterterrorism Policy
Poland: Strong Defense Partner But Taking Undemocratic Steps
Land, Sea, and Air: U.S. Military Readiness in the Navy and Marine Corps
Syria's Tangled Trilateral Road to Peace
The UK’s New Surveillance Law: Security Necessity or Snoopers’ Charter?
South Korea’s Foreign Policy: Leaderless, but Not Rudderless
Jammeh to Cede Power, Leave The Gambia
Mali’s Instability: Advantage, Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb
Best Of: Railguns: The Fast, the Furious—and the Future?
Swarming the Battlefield: Combat Evolves Toward Lethal Autonomous Weapons
Mixed Signals to Moscow: The Trump Administration's Russia Policy Puzzle
NATO’s Changing Face Under the Trump Administration
South Korea’s Presidential Crisis: Is Democracy Stuck in Park?
Power and the U.S. Presidency
Trump's Hour of Action: Recommendations for Cyber Policy
Passing the ‘Football’: The Future of U.S. Nuclear Policy
The Baltics Up the Ante in Defense
Take It or Leave It: The Future of the Two-State Solution
Trump and Trudeau: Fire and Ice
Cybersecurity in the Gulf: The Middle East's Virtual Frontline
Little Margin for Error in South China Sea Policy
Eritrea: A Potential U.S. Counterterror Partner
Trump Administration Faces Daunting Challenges in Afghanistan
The New Space Race
Autonomous Hacking Bots: Menace or Savior?
Myanmar’s Rohingya Crisis – Fertile Ground for Jihadis in Southeast Asia?
Cuba Lingers in Limbo
Designating the Muslim Brotherhood As Terrorists Is Complicated
Trump and the New Map of the Middle East
The New Technology of Humanitarian Assistance
Missile Defense: Blocking Threats or Blocking Diplomacy?
Flynn Controversy Raises New Questions
Doubling Down Against the Jihadist Message
Civilians and the Military Under Trump
The Gulf Cooperation Council Operates in a Tumultuous Region
DIY Defense Tech: More Countries Seek Advanced Homegrown Weaponry
The Vice Closes on Mosul: What Next?
U.S. Marines Head to Norway and Australia
Cyber Proxies: A Central Tenet of Russia’s Hybrid Warfare
The Future of Transatlantic Defense: More Europe
Trump’s NSC: A Bureaucratic Balancing Act
Tallinn Manual 2.0: Stepping Out of the Fog in Cyberspace
Defining Objectives for the U.S.-Iran Relationship
The U.S.-Japan Alliance: Reform and Uncertainty
India’s Cyber Potential: A Bridge Between East and West
Missile Defense: Targeting a Technological Solution
NATO Zeros In on Black Sea Security
Vying for Power in Iran
The TPP Without America
Disentangling the NSA and Cyber Command
The United Nations at a Tipping Point
Developing Special Operations Forces in China and Russia
Hawala Networks: The Paperless Trail of Terrorist Transactions
Objective: Raqqa
The Baltics: Veterans of Russian Cyber Operations
Security Concerns Complicate Investment Opportunities in Mozambique
What Is the “Deep State”?
Al Qaeda Takes Advantage in Syria
The War of Words Between Europe and Turkey
Jumping the Air Gap: How to Breach Isolated Networks
Sizing Up the Trump Defense Budget
Brexit Begins: Hurdles to a UK-EU Deal
India-Israel Relations: An Opportunity That Can’t Be Missed
Why Syria’s Kurds Are America’s Key Ally
China Pivots its Hackers from Industrial Spies to Cyber Warriors
Putin vs. The Unknown
Germany, Japan Strengthen Defensive Capabilities
The Long-Goodbye to Afghanistan – Should It Get Longer?
Turkey’s Referendum: The Dangerous Road to “Yes”
Trump Draws the Line in Syria
EU Economic and Military Investments in Africa Increase
Trump-Xi Summit: No Real Progress Yet, but Stay Tuned
The Zero-Day Dilemma: Should Government Disclose Company Cyber Security Gaps?
Stepping into the Void of Trump’s Global Retreat
Al Qaeda Quietly Expands in South Asia
Chinese Firms Surge into Africa in Search of Customers, Contracts, Jobs
How Spy Agency Hackers Pose As – Anybody
Does Moderate Political Islam Exist?
The Call to Radicalism, Both at Home and Abroad
Instability Casts a Shadow Over French Presidential Election
The Problem of Siloed Cyber Warriors
Best Of: Sizing Up America’s Aircraft Carriers of the Future
Europe Intel Sharing Will Take Trust
Rebranding Countering Violent Extremism Programs: A Sharper Focus or Missing the Point?
Trump 100 Days: From the Travel Ban to TPP
The Power of Botnets: Amplifying Crime, Disinformation, and Espionage
The “China Solution”: Beijing Aims for Global Leadership
Venezuela Teetering on the Edge
A Tale of Three Libyas
Worlds Collide in the French Election
NSA Curtails Collection Under FISA Provision
U.S. Special Operations Forces’ Changing Mission in the Middle East
The Comey Fallout
Is Sudan Still a State Sponsor of Terror?
Will Moon Bring Back Sunshine Policy in South Korea?
WannaCry Attack: Microsoft Questions Role of Intelligence Community
Defending the U.S. from North Korean Long Range Missiles
Blue Helmets Under Fire - From Trump
Best Of: The War Against ISIS Has Just Begun
The “Renaissance” in Private Space Launch for Defense
Chinese Industrial Spies Cast a Wider Net
Could Iran’s Elections Indicate a New Future?
Western Balkans in Russia’s Crosshairs
Japan, South Korea Shaken by Pyongyang, Beijing – And Now, Washington
How Can the U.S. Level the Digital Trade Playing Field?
Best Of: Sizing Up America’s Aircraft Carriers of the Future
U.S., China, Others Build Bases in Djibouti – What Could Go Wrong?
Asian Nations Arming for Underwater War
Would an Arab NATO Help Stabilize the Mideast — or Inflame Iran?
The Hardest Fight Comes After Mosul Falls
Conflict Minerals: The Dark Side of the Digital Age Electronics Boom
Terror in London: ISIS Threat to West Intensifying
UK Terror Attack: Looking for Links to the U.S.
Europe Is Boosting Defense Spending – And It’s Not All About Trump
Populism Spreads Across U.S., Europe But Could Halt as Economy Rallies
Pyongyang and Beijing No Longer “Close as Lips and Teeth”
Terror Finance in the Age of Bitcoin
Does Brexit Still Mean Brexit?
South Africa: On the Road to Turmoil?
Will China Play Peacemaker with Its Oil Suppliers Saudi Arabia and Iran?
Philippine City is a Battleground in Global Fight Against Extremism
Drugs and Violence on the United States’ Doorstep: No End in Sight
Can China Actually Restrain Kim Jong-Un?
Allying Public and Private Forces on the Front Lines of Cybersecurity
Close Calls or Worse Between U.S. and Russia in Syria
U.S. Running Out of Options in Afghanistan
As ISIS Falls, Border Battles Loom
Are France and Germany the Last Hope for the EU?
Decisions Loom for Qatar as Arab Countries Harden Stance
Hong Kong and China: One Country, One Future?
Disagreements on Trade, THAAD, and Troops Won’t Stop U.S.-Korea Alliance
Murky U.S.-Pakistan Relationship Defined by Afghan War
Is Space the Next Frontier of Missile Defense?
The New Nuclear Triad
Trump and Putin: Can the U.S. Forgive and Forget?
Mexico’s Violence Spikes, Fueled by Drug Trafficking, Kidnapping, Corruption
The Inside Story on U.S. Sanctions
Japan’s Arms Merchants Are Off to a Rocky Start
The "Main Enemy": Russian Active Measures in the United States
Russia Meddles in Western, Northern Europe
Hiding in Plain Sight: Maintaining A Spy’s Cover in the Internet Era
Pakistan’s Proudly Double-Dealing Intelligence Service
Do the Trump Team’s New Rules for Vetting Visitors Target Muslims?
Cyber Deterrence – Left of Virtual Boom
Border Dispute: China Won’t Back Off, India Can’t Back Down
U.S. Special Operations Forces: Taking the Fight to Terror in Africa
Bridging the Gulf: Kuwait Mediates the Latest Dispute