A Pariah State in West Africa

Jeff Smith
Founding Director, Vanguard Africa

This is Cipher Brief Level I Member Only content. It can be accessed via login or by signing up to become a Cipher Brief Member.  Joining this high-level, security-focused community is only $10/month (for an annual $120/yr membership). What a great and inexpensive way to Feed Your Need to Know….



The Author is Jeff Smith

Jeffrey Smith is the founding director of Vanguard Africa, a nonprofit organization that supports pro-reform, ethical leaders in Sub-Saharan Africa. Vanguard Africa worked extensively on the recent election in the Gambia, which included support to the political coalition that defeated President Yahya Jammeh, who has ruled the country for 22 years. Mr. Smith has over a decade of experience working on international human rights and pro-democracy issues, including prior positions at the RFK... Read More

Learn more about The Cipher Brief's Network here.